Automatic JSON to Dart Conversion in Flutter


Flutter is a popular mobile app development framework that allows developers to build beautiful and high-performance apps for iOS and Android from a single codebase. One of the common tasks when building apps with Flutter is working with JSON data.

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data interchange format that is easy for humans to read and write and easy for machines to parse and generate. It’s commonly used for transmitting data between a server and a web application.

In Flutter, you can use the dart:convert library to convert JSON data into Dart objects. However, manually writing the code to convert JSON data into Dart objects can be tedious and error-prone.

Fortunately, there are several tools available that can automatically generate the Dart code for you. These tools take a JSON object as input and generate the corresponding Dart classes with all the necessary methods for encoding and decoding the JSON data.

One such tool is json_serializable, which generates code using source_gen and build_runner. To use json_serializable in your Flutter project, you need to add it as a dependency in your pubspec.yaml file:

dependencies: json_annotation: ^4.0.1 dev_dependencies: build_runner: ^2.0.6 json_serializable: ^4.1.3

Then run flutter pub get to install the dependencies.

Next, you need to create a model class for your JSON data and annotate it with @JsonSerializable():

import 'package:json_annotation/json_annotation.dart'; part 'user.g.dart'; @JsonSerializable() class User { final String name; final String email; User(this.name, this.email); factory User.fromJson(Map<String, dynamic> json) => _$UserFromJson(json); Map<String, dynamic> toJson() =>_$UserToJson(this); }

Finally, run flutter pub run build_runner build to generate the necessary code.

Another option is json_to_dart, an online tool that generates Dart classes from JSON input. To use json_to_dart, simply paste your JSON data into the input field on their website and click “Generate”. The tool will then generate the corresponding Dart classes for you.

Using these tools can save you time and reduce errors when working with JSON data in your Flutter app.

In conclusion, automatic JSON to Dart conversion in Flutter can make your development process faster and more efficient. By using tools like json_serializable or json_to_dart, you can easily convert your JSON data into usable Dart objects without having to write any additional code. This saves time and reduces errors, allowing you to focus on building great apps with Flutter.

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Zuhaib Ahmad © 2023